Are you are looking for a complete list of the seaports in Nigeria? If yes, well you are in the right place.
What is a Seaport?
A Seaport is a large maritime facility located close to the sea where ships discharge and load goods (cargo) and passengers. In Nigeria, seaports are majorly built for the purpose of importing and exporting goods and other commodities. The Nigerian seaport is controlled by Nigeria Ports Authority (NPA).
Sea Port in Nigeria is situated in the southern region of the country due to the presence of the Atlantic Ocean serves as the means where goods are mainly transported to and from Nigeria. In Nigeria, there are currently 6 seaports with ongoing construction in one likely to be completed before 2025.
The Nigeria Port Authority regulates all the six seaports in Nigeria. NPA controls ports in Lagos, three in rivers, and one in Delta.
List of Seaports in Nigeria and Their Locations
1. Lagos Port Complex at Apapa, Lagos State
The Lagos Port Complex is located in Lagos, Nigeria. It was established in 1914. It is also known as Port of Lagos and it is the largest and busiest seaport in Nigeria with an area extent of around 200 hectares of land. The Port had been a major economic gateway to the country and serve mostly Lagos and some western states in the country. It is also one of the most used ports in Nigeria.
The Lagos Port Complex has a sum of 28 berths, 19 berths for general cargo, 2 berths for bulk cargo, 6 berths for container handling, and 1 berth for Roll on Roll Off operation. It has four terminal operators which are Apapa Bulk Terminal, AP Moller Terminal, Consortium, and Greenview Development Nigeria Limited.
This Port has various facilities. One of which is its storage capacity. This Port has silos that can store and save above 76,000 tons of grain. Silos are structures used for bulk materials. The silos in the Port assist in storing agricultural produce from the country before they are exported.
This Sea Port in association with the Tin Can Island Port serves the Western part of the country. The Lagos Port Complex is the economic door to Nigeria and there are also two logistics bases in this Port, namely the Lagos Deep Offshore Logistics (LADOL) and Eko Support Services Ltd (ESSL)
2. Tin Can Island Port
The Tin Can Island Port (TCIP) was established in 1997 and had the Roro Port merged to it in 2006. Currently, in Nigeria, the Tin Can Island Port is the second busiest Port after Lagos Port Complex. This Port is also located in Apapa, the Port is a few kilometers from the center of the state.
It is operated by five terminal operators which are Port and Terminal Multiservices Limited (PTML), Josephdam Port and Cargo Handling Services Limited, Tin Can Island Container Limited, Port and Cargo Handling Services Limited, Five Star Logistics Limited, and Terminal Multi services Limited. This led to a high volume of imports and export that resulted in severe port congestion.
The storage capacity of the Port is lower than that of the Lagos Port Complex. The silos available on Tin Can Island Port can store around 28,000 metric tons of grain. Fleetwood Transportation is in charge of the transportation of agricultural products.
3. Calabar Port
Perhaps, the Calabar Port is the oldest seaport in Nigeria. It is located in Cross River. This Port has been in existence for a very long period of time before colonial times. This Port served as an important focus of trade with the outside world for the Eastern States and a natural harbor for the Northern States of Nigeria right from the colonial times.
The improvement, transformation, and extension of the Calabar Port were embarked under the 3rd National Development Plan of 1975 to 1980 in order to promote the Port facility to handle the ever-rising demand of our economy. The latest port was commissioned on June 9, 1979, and lies 45 nautical miles (about 84km) upstream from Fairway Buoy.
Calabar Port Complex comprises the following: the Old Port, the New Port, and the Dockyard moreover as one of the states where crude oil is found, The Port is normally used for exporting crude for many years. Various crude oil terminals are located at Yoho, Antan, Odudu, and Qualboe. This Port is one of the important players in the oil and gas area in Nigeria. The terminals are operated by ECM Terminal Ltd, INTELS Nigeria Ltd, and Shoreline Logistics Nigeria.
4. Rivers Port Complex
The Rivers Port Complex is the second most important seaport in Nigeria and is also located in the southern region of the country. This seaport has an appealing story and was traced to Rivers state as a single berth for the exportation of coal. Some years later, it extended to four berths for the import and export of mixed cargos. Presently, it is a multipurpose Port for dry, liquid, and general cargo trades.
Presently, there are two personal Port terminal operators at the Rivers Port Complex and they are Ports & Terminal Operators and BUA Port & Terminal. This Port is quite unusual from other Sea Ports in Nigeria, the NNPC trades crude oil with it. Unlike the remaining Ports in the country, the Rivers port is not operated by the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA)
5. Onne Port Complex
Onne Port Complex is situated on the Bonny River Estuary that is just 19 km away from Port Harcourt next to Ogu Creek is the first Port of its kind in Nigeria. Onne Port area is found in 3 local government areas in Rivers state which are: Bonny LGA, Eleme LGA, and Ogu Bolo LGA. Onne Port consists of two main amenities which are the Federal Ocean Terminal and the Federal Lighter Terminal.
The port is one of the largest oil and gas free zone in the world supporting the study and manufacture for Nigeria activities. The Free Zone provides a logistics oil service centre for the oil and gas industry in Nigeria in support of onshore and offshore companies that have licenses to work in this Port. It also provides an effortless right to use the whole West African and Sub Sahara Oil fields.
This Port has three private Terminal operators which are Brawal Shipping Ltd, Intel Nig. Limited and West African Container Terminal (WACT). There are also major facilities that are owned by the federal government of Nigeria. This Port has various other operations that are passed out. As a versatile Cargo Port, there is oil well equipment, common cargo, dry and wet cargo, containers. There are also logistics services that are presented for oil associated companies
This Port has Liebherr 600 and the 220 Gmk5220 grove twin cranes that have the ability to lift heavy and bulky cargo of 300 tons owned by one of the Terminal Operators in the Port. It is also one of the largest harbour mobile cranes in Africa.
6. Delta Port
Delta port is situated in Delta state. It is an essential Sea Port in Nigeria assisting other states such as Anambra, Imo, Enugu, Edo, Kogi, Ondo, Benue, and also Delta state itself. The facility is the Ports of Warri, Sapele, Burutu, and the petroleum terminals at Escravos and Forcados.
There are 8 terminals in Delta Port handled by 5 terminal operators. The terminals are five in Warri, one in Koko, one in Sapele, and one in Burutu. The terminals are controlled by Ocean and Cargo Terminal Services (INTELS) Nigeria Ltd, and the Nigeria Ports Authority The Delta Port still requires improvement and development. The Port typically relies on confined cargos. In the following years hopefully, it will be capable to create its own cargo.